Explaining Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

Explaining Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)


VUR affects about 10% of children.Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is when the flow of urine goes the incorrect way. This condition is more common among infants and young children.Urine, which is that the liquid waste from your body, normally flows a method. The urine travels down from the kidneys into tubes called ureter and is stored in your bladder. The urine is released during urinal. In case of VUR, the urine in your bladder goes backward to the ureter and therefore the kidneys. This might cause infections and damage your kidneys. A urologist in Siliguri treats the problem.

Causes of VUR

Primary reflux

A flap valve is found where the ureter joins with the bladder. Usually, the valve allows only a one-directionmovement of urine from the ureters to the bladder. But when that flap valve doesn’t work right, this enables the backflow of urine. This will affect one or both ureters.

Secondary reflux

There’s a blockage at the bladder that causes urine to keep off into the ureters.

Who is more prone to VUR?

Birth defect

This is often the difficulty in most primary VUR cases. a toddler could have a brief flap valve that doesn’t work.


You’re more likely to urge VUR if you’re parents or siblings have had the condition. But no specific genes are found liable for VUR.

Abnormal bladder function

Children who have the nerve or medulla spinalis problems like rachischisis (a congenital anomaly of the spine) have a better chance of VUR.

Urinary abnormalities

Children with problems in their urogenital system are more likely to urge these conditions. a number of those problems include:

Bladder exstrophy

A birth defect affecting urinary tracts


A defect within the ureters.

Bladder and bowel problems

Children with bathroom accidents, frequent urination or constipation are more likely to possess VUR.

Symptoms of VUR

  • A strong urge of urine
  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Blood in urine or cloudy, stinky urine
  • Peeing small amounts
  • Fever
  • Sudden, frequent urination or wetting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Trouble urinating
  • Loss of appetite
  • High vital sign
  • Constipation

If you noticed these urinary tract infection symptoms in your child, you must visit the best urologist in Siliguri.


VUR is often detected before birth by an ultrasound, which uses sound waves to supply a picture of the within of your body.

The treatment procedure is done by antibiotics, injections or sometime, in case the situation worsens like kidney damage, the doctor might need to conduct a surgery.

The best urologist in Siliguri, advises that this condition can sometime be prevented by taking care at home. Staying hydrated is the best way. Urinary tract infections are mostly not so serious, but is advisable to contact the doctor if is frequently occurring.

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